Pediatric Audiology

At Evanston Audiology, our audiologists understand the unique challenges and needs of children with hearing difficulties. Our goal is to provide comprehensive care that helps children reach their full potential in communication and learning.

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Pediatric Audiology

Pediatric audiology is a specialized branch of audiology that focuses on diagnosing and treating hearing and balance disorders in children. At Evanston Audiology, our audiologists understand the unique challenges and needs of children with hearing difficulties. Our goal is to provide comprehensive care that helps children reach their full potential in communication and learning.

Understanding Pediatric Hearing Loss

Hearing loss in children, though not as common as in adults, is a significant health issue. It can be present at birth or develop later in childhood due to various factors. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1 in 20 babies worldwide are born with some degree of hearing impairment. In addition, approximately 3 out of every 1000 children aged 0-3 years have significant permanent hearing impairments.

Types of Hearing Loss in Children

Hearing loss in children can be categorized into three types:

  1. Conductive Hearing Loss: This happens when sound waves are not efficiently conducted from the outer ear to the inner ear. It is often caused by blockages in the ear canal, such as earwax or fluid from an infection.
  2. Sensorineural Hearing Loss: This type of hearing loss is due to damage in the inner ear (cochlea) or the nerve pathway that leads from the inner ear to the brain. Causes may include genetic conditions, certain infections during pregnancy, or exposure to loud noise.
  3. Mixed Hearing Loss: This is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss, where problems exist in both the outer/middle and the inner ear.

Causes of Hearing Loss in Children

The causes of hearing loss in children can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (developed after birth). Congenital hearing loss can be due to genetic factors or complications during pregnancy, such as maternal infections or exposure to certain medications. Acquired hearing loss can result from factors such as ear infections, exposure to loud noises, certain medications, or diseases like meningitis or measles.

Identifying Signs of Hearing Loss in Children

Early detection of hearing loss in children is of utmost importance as it can significantly impact their language and social development. Parents and caregivers should be vigilant in recognizing the signs of hearing loss, which can include:

  • Delay in speech and language development
  • Difficulty following instructions
  • Frequent ear infections
  • Turning up the volume too high on the TV or other devices
  • Lack of response when called by name

If you observe any of these signs in your child, it's crucial to seek professional help immediately.

The Impact of Hearing Loss on Child Development

Untreated hearing loss in children can lead to various developmental challenges. It can affect language development, as children learn to speak by imitating the sounds they hear. Children with hearing loss may also struggle with social interactions, which can lead to feelings of isolation and low self-esteem. Furthermore, hearing loss can impact a child's academic performance, as they may struggle to follow along in class or engage in group activities.

Diagnosing Hearing Loss in Children

If a child is suspected of having hearing loss, a comprehensive evaluation by a pediatric audiologist is the first step towards diagnosis and treatment. At Evanston Audiology, we conduct thorough hearing tests that are designed to be child-friendly and non-invasive. Depending on the child's age and ability to cooperate, different tests may be used to assess their hearing capabilities accurately.

Treatment Options for Pediatric Hearing Loss

The treatment for pediatric hearing loss largely depends on its cause and severity. For conductive hearing loss caused by ear infections or blockages, medications or minor surgical procedures may be recommended. For sensorineural hearing loss, management options can include hearing aids, cochlear implants, or a combination of both, along with speech and language therapy.

At Evanston Audiology, we offer specialized pediatric hearing aid fitting services for children who require them. Our audiologists work closely with families to select the most suitable hearing aids for their child's needs and provide ongoing support to ensure optimal results.


Pediatric hearing loss is a serious issue that requires prompt attention and intervention. At Evanston Audiology, our dedicated team of pediatric audiologists is committed to providing comprehensive and compassionate care to children with hearing difficulties. If you suspect your child may have hearing loss, contact our office today to schedule an appointment. Together, we can help your child reach their full potential in communication and learning.

Kathleen Dunkley
"Helped me realize how much I value my hearing!  Thank you for the thorough exam."

Brad Weiss


Contact us to learn more about our services and hearing aid options.


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Visit us at 1811 Benson Ave, Evanston.

Located on the corner of Benson and Clark.

1811 Benson Ave, Evanston, IL 60201